There is No Fear in Love
“ There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love.” 1 John 4:18
I volunteer at a homeless shelter for teenagers, most of whom have aged out of the foster care system, and most of whom have been abused by someone in their lives. Very often the young women and men are struggling in relationships, not understanding what is healthy and what is abusive.
The young women I work with at the shelter want to know how they can tell if a boyfriend is going to be abusive. They’re looking for some quick measure, a litmus test, to determine whether or not he is “good” or “bad.” They have been told by their abusers, and believe, that they deserve punishment as discipline. Each time we have this discussion, I keep returning to one simple truth, stated quite clearly in Scripture:
God is love, and God’s love for us is unconditional. God wants us to love him, but gives us the freedom to make that choice. God does not force us to love him. If someone is afraid in a relationship, then that is not love. Everyone deserves a violence-free life. No one deserves to be beaten and humiliated. If a person in a relationship has to worry that something she said or did might “set him off,” if she is always “walking on eggshells,” or “waiting for the other shoe to drop,” or afraid of how he is going to verbally tear her down, then that is not love. Fear and love cannot coexist. If someone is afraid, it is because they are afraid of punishment and retribution. And that is not love, because there is no fear in love.
To many in abusive situations, love is control, and the relationship is one of a strict adult to a wayward child, rather than an adult to an adult. It is not a relationship based upon mutual respect, but one in which one party dominates the other physically and emotionally. It is difficult to accept a healthy relationship when one comes from a background of abuse.
Freedom is a scary thing, requiring decisions and choices, something an abuse victim may never have been allowed to make, and so is ill-equipped to do so. When control is interpreted as caring, freedom may be interpreted as the opposite – lack of caring, or even abandonment. For someone who may have been neglected in their past, or who fears rejection for making an improper decision, this is an unbearable prospect. Being controlled is much safer than being set adrift in a sea of options without being equipped with the self-confidence to make any choices.
Allowing a partner freedom in a relationship requires trust, and trust is in short supply for both abusers and victims. An abuser interprets the relationship as one based on love. The ultimate fear, then, is that the victim may find someone else more desirable than the abuser and leave, or that the victim may have enough money and independence and leave. Abusers ensure that their victims will never abandon them by exerting control over them and by creating a great dependency on the part of the victims for the abuser. There is jealousy for anyone or anything that gets in the way of this “love.” It is not true love, but a love based on fear and control.
The victim also interprets the relationship as one based on love, with control being interpreted as love and caring. But the victim quickly learns, however, that she cannot trust the abuser. She never knows when the abuse will occur and so she becomes afraid. The valuable trust of a committed relationship is broken by an abuser the first time he abuses a victim. Even if both parties think it is love, just calling it that does not make it so. Without trust and without freedom, love cannot exist.
The issues, feelings and interactions involved in abusive relationships are very complex and difficult to understand. Trust, freedom, and control are complicated issues that engender a great deal of discussion and varying opinions. One rule of thumb for determining the health of a relationship, however, remains quite simple – if it is true love, one should not be afraid. We have God’s Word on it.
© 2007 Diane Stelling (www.dianestelling.com)
Author Diane Stelling tells her story of her spiritual journey and miraculous healing after almost fifty years of repressing her past and refusing to admit that she came from an abusive background. She successfully went through therapy and was healed so that the ghosts of her childhood no longer haunt or hurt her. Her desire and prayer is that by sharing her struggles with her faith and her perceptions regarding the Bible from an abuse survivor's perspective, professional caregivers will become better equipped to minister to those who have been abused.
To purchase in the US: Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother: Understanding the Spiritual Needs of Abuse VictimsTo Purchase in the UK: Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother: Understanding the Spiritual Needs of Abuse Victims
In This Section:
Sometimes Christian women get so bogged down in guilt and the need to save our marriage, that we forget to save ourselves. This book is a must read for anyone in an abusive marriage seeking spiritual guidance. Solid, Christlike interpretation of scripture will offer much needed inspiration and encouragement.
To order in the US: Keeping the Faith: Guidance for Christian Women Facing Abuse
To order in the UK: Keeping the Faith: Guidance for Christian Women Facing Abuse
The Christian woman whose spirit is being crushed by domestic violence is faced with a unique burden. She needs straight answers - not unrealistic expectations or stereotypical platitudes. "Woman Submit!" by Jocelyn Andersen provides straight answers and clear scriptural direction.
To order in the US: Woman Submit! Christians & Domestic Violence (also available for Kindle)
To order in the UK: Woman Submit! Christians & Domestic Violence
When is divorce biblically permissible and when is it forbidden? And is remarriage ever permissible for a divorced Christian? The problem is particularly intense for Christian victims of marital abuse, who often believe they must choose between two unpleasant alternatives: endure abuse, or face condemnation by God and his church for disobeying the bible.
To order in the US: Not Under Bondage: Biblical Divorce for Abuse, Adultery and Desertion
To order in the UK: Not Under Bondage: Biblical Divorce for Abuse, Adultery and Desertion
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No Place for Abuse demonstrates that the problem of domestic violence in the church is more pervasive than most Christians would like to believe. Nancy Nason-Clark, a trained sociologist, and Catherine Clark Kroeger, a biblical scholar, confront the issue with both objectivity and compassion. The authors give practical tools to pastors and other counselors for interviewing abuse victims and perpetrators and offer alternatives victims may consider instead of continuing to endure a threatening environment. Another valuable contribution the authors make is their caution against the misrepresentation of Scripture in ways that fail to protect abuse victims. This thought-provoking book has the potential to open the eyes of many believers who don't understand the prevalence of violence in many evangelical homes. It will be particularly useful to pastors and counselors, but will offer guidance to any Christian who has encountered such situations.
To order in the UK: No Place for Abuse
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